The main activity of ANCOM, as a regulatory authority in the electronic communications and information technology sector, is elaborating the secondary legislation in the field. Thus, ANCOM:
- elaborates and updates the general authorisation regime, under which the providers of electronic communications networks and services are granted the right to enter the market and operate;
- designates the providers of electronic communications networks and services with significant market power and imposes on them obligations meant to ensure that these providers will not abuse their dominant position, thus preventing them from affecting competition;
- adopts the National Numbering Plan and issues regulations regarding the use of the numbering resources;
- regulates the regime of interconnection between the electronic communications networks;
- ensures the implementation of the universal service mechanisms by the issuance of regulations in the field.
As well, in order to ensure the compliance of the primary and of the secondary legislative frameworks, ANCOM is capacitated to:
- monitor and control the compliance with the obligations imposed on the providers of electronic communications networks and services by the general authorisations;
- oversee the national management of the numbering resources and the issuance of licenses for the use of the numbering resources;
- elaborate the methodology for conducting market analyses and identifying the relevant markets in the electronic communications sector;
- conduct market analyses with a view to identifying the relevant markets and, subsequently, to designate, if necessary, the significant market power companies and impose them specific obligations;
- manage the financing mechanisms related to ensuring access to universal service, as provided in the special legislation;
- control the compliance with the obligations imposed on the universal service providers, under the provisions of the special legislation.