In Romania, the audio-visual field is regulated by several institutions with complementary attributions:
- National Audio-Visual Council (CNA), which regulates the audio-visual programme services;
- Ministry of Communications and Information Society (MCSI), which elaborates the strategy for the use of the radio frequency spectrum intended for the audio-visual programme services;
- National Authority for Management and Regulation in Communications (ANCOM), which holds regulatory and control attributions regarding the use of the support for the broadcasting and re-transmission of audio-visual programme services.
In this field, ANCOM:
- plans frequency bands for radio-broadcasting, and analogue and digital television services;
- assigns frequencies for new radio-broadcasting and television stations, and changes the technical parameters of the existing stations;
- coordinates, with the neighbouring countries, the frequencies assigned for radio-broadcasting and television;
- participates in the working groups of the European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations (CEPT) and of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) in view of planning the new DVB-T and T-DAB digital radio-broadcasting services;
- monitors and controls the radio frequency bands dedicated to audio-visual broadcasting.
Pursuant to the primary and secondary legislation regulating its activity, ANCOM issues the following administrative documents:
- broadcasting licence for radio-broadcasting and television stations;
- technical functioning authorisation for the broadcasting stations which are meant to transmit audio-visual programme services;
- licence for the use of radio frequencies for MMDS networks and radio frequency assignment authorisation for MMDS networks.
In the audio-visual field, ANCOM issues broadcasting licences and technical functioning authorisations for the broadcasting of audio-visual programme services over a terrestrial radio frequency.
Furthermore, ANCOM issues licences for the use of frequencies (LUF) and frequency assignment authorisations (AA) for MMDS networks.
Documents necessary for the granting of the broadcasting licence:
- standard-request alongside the copy of the audio-visual licence (authenticated copy or accompanied by the original for conformity check);
- the certificate issued by the Trade Register Office, in original, which shall comprise specifications on the requester’s identification data, object of activity, duration and bankruptcy status.
Documents necessary for the granting of the Technical Functioning Authorisation for Broadcasting Audio-visual Programme Services over a Terrestrial Radio Frequency (submitted to the Territorial Branch to which the station belongs):
- standard-request, in original;
- technical documentation of the broadcasting station.
The documents necessary for the granting of LUF and AA for a MMDS network are similar to those required for electronic communications networks, in addition to which the Re-transmission notices for the localities covered by the network shall be also submitted.