ANCOM is the institution that protects the interests of the communications users in Romania, by promoting competition and innovation in the electronic communications and postal services markets, competition-oriented management of the scarce resources (frequency spectrum, numbering resources and associated technical resources), encouraging efficient investment in infrastructure and fostering ultra-fast connectivity. 

The institution that regulates the Romanian electronic communications sector today resulted from the merger of two bodies with experience and expertise in the relevant field of management and regulation: The Inspectorate General for Communications and Information Technology (IGCTI) and the National Regulatory Authority for Communications and Information Technology (ANRCTI).