Romania - 25 Years of Modern Radio Spectrum Management

In 2016, we mark the 25th anniversary of the first institutions dedicated to managing the radio spectrum in Romania. 
ANCOM, the institution that regulates the communications sector in Romania at present, resulted from the merger of two bodies with experience and expertise in the relevant field of management and regulation of this sector: The Inspectorate General for Communications and Information Technology (IGCTI) and the National Regulatory Authority for Communications and Information Technology (ANRCTI). 
Before 1990, the Ministry of Transport and Telecommunications was the one to manage the radio frequency spectrum, by means of the “Frequency” unit in the General Division for Post and Telecommunications. In 1990, this ministry was reorganised by separating executive responsibilities from operation and handling attributions. Thus, this is when the Ministry of Communications was established, as well as ROM-POST-TELECOM, the first ”government business enterprise” in Romania, which took over the operational activity in the field of telecommunications, radiocommunications and postal services, whereas the ministry remained in charge of the elaboration and enforcement of policies, strategies and regulations in the field.
In 2016, we celebrate 25 years since this scarce and valuable state resource – the radio spectrum – has been benefiting from modern and efficient management in Romania, which provided for spurring development in the electronic communications sector. In 1991, ROM-POST-TELECOM was reorganised into four government business enterprises: Romtelecom, The Romanian Post, The Inspectorate General for Radiocommunications (IGR) and the joint-stock company Bancpost. The Inspectorate General for Radiocommunications was entrusted with managing the radioelectric frequency spectrum and with the technical control in the radiocommunications field, following various contextual and administrative amendments, and was one of the forerunners of today’s ANCOM.

Romania – 150 years in the International Telecommunication Union

The International Telecommunication Union is the United Nations specialized agency for communications and information technology, with a great and rich history, as it was established in 1865. Romania is one of the oldest members of the International Telecommunication Union, joining this prestigious organization ever since 1866, less than a year after the foundation of what today represents the oldest ONU agencies, the most important centre of expertise and the premier global forum for information and communication technologies.
At present, the ITU activity is structured by three sectors: Radiocommunications (ITU-R), Telecommunication Standardization (ITU-T) and Telecommunication Development (ITU-D), each of them working - mainly - by conferences and meetings during which the representatives of member states negotiate conventions that ground the performance of telecommunications equipment and services globally.
The Union proudly features a great number of members and great diversity. Thus, apart from the 193 Members States, the ITU gathers more than 700 academic institutions, non-governmental organisations and industry members.
Romania has had, over the time, a significant contribution to the ITU activities, coordinating the works of important committees such as the Financial Commission, Committee for Human Resources, Credentials Committee of PP-02 or, more recently, chairing the 2013 session of the ITU Council. Moreover, Romania has hosted important ITU events: the Pan-European Regional Conference for the WSIS preparation and various technical meetings and workshops.

ANCOM has been participating in the ITU activities ever since its establishment, and its representatives have often received the Member States’ support for exercising major functions in Plenipotentiary Conferences and in World Conferences, as well as within ITU’s study groups, among which the chairmanship of the 2013 session of the ITU Council, exercised in a highly valued manner by Catalin Marinescu, president of ANCOM.